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Station Characteristics 2008-12-10/-147256403
GAW ID KPS K-Puszta (Hungary)
WMO ID Regional station in WMO RA VI - Europe
station status established 1973-07-01 / full operation 46.96667°N 19.58333°E (125 m a.s.l.)
time zone UTC+1 www.met.hu
climate zone Cfb (Warm temperate climate, fully humid, warm summer)  
other affiliations EMEP(HU0002R), NOAA-ESRL/AERO(KPS) GEOmon station card
description K-puszta, 70 km SE of Budapest, regional background air pollution monitoring station was established in a clearing in a mixed forest on the Hungarian Great Plain, in the middle of the Carpathian Basin, as far from the pollution sources as possible in the highly industrialized, densely populated Central Europe. Because of the growing vegetation the station was moved to a bigger clearing, also at the same elevation, approximately 500 m from the original one, in September, 1993. Picture of K-Puszta facility

Measurement Program
type parameter method contributor data available details
Aerosol Acidity/Alkalinity, total aerosol 1977-01-01 ~ 1999-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+), total aerosol 2007-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+), total aerosol Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1997-01-01 ~ 2007-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+), total aerosol Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1977-01-01 ~ 1997-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+), total aerosol Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 2009-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Cadmium (Cd), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2010-01-02 ~ 2010-12-31
Cadmium (Cd), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2005-01-02 ~ 2006-12-31
Cadmium (Cd), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2008-01-04 ~ 2009-01-01
Cadmium (Cd), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2009-01-02 ~ 2009-12-31
Carbonaceous/organic material (coarse), PM10 2012-07-19 ~ 2012-08-16
Carbonaceous/organic material (coarse), PM10 2012-01-04 ~ 2012-06-06
Carbonaceous/organic material (coarse), PM10 2012-11-01 ~ 2012-12-27
Carbonaceous/organic material (coarse), PM10 2012-09-26 ~ 2012-10-25
Carbonaceous/organic material (coarse), PM10 2008-09-17 ~ 2008-10-15
Elemental carbon (coarse), PM10 2012-01-04 ~ 2012-06-06
Elemental carbon (coarse), PM10 2012-11-01 ~ 2012-12-27
Elemental carbon (coarse), PM10 2012-09-26 ~ 2012-10-25
Elemental carbon (coarse), PM10 2012-07-19 ~ 2012-08-16
Lead (Pb), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2008-01-04 ~ 2009-01-01
Lead (Pb), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2010-01-02 ~ 2010-12-31
Lead (Pb), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2009-01-02 ~ 2009-12-31
Lead (Pb), total aerosol Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2005-01-02 ~ 2006-12-31
Light absorption coefficient, PM1 Filter + light attenuation (aethalometer) unknown 2006-01-01 ~ 2006-05-09
Light absorption coefficient, PM10 Filter + light attenuation (aethalometer) unknown 2008-04-29 ~ 2013-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, PM10 2013-01-01 ~ 2014-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, PM10 2013-01-01 ~ 2014-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, PM10 2013-01-01 ~ 2014-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2006-01-01 ~ 2006-05-09
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2012-05-23 ~ 2013-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol Light absorption photometry unknown 2007-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2012-05-23 ~ 2013-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2008-04-29 ~ 2013-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2006-05-09 ~ 2008-04-29
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2012-05-23 ~ 2013-01-01
Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol 2012-05-23 ~ 2013-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light backscattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light backscattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light backscattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, total aerosol Nephelometry, integrating unknown 2007-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, total aerosol 2008-04-29 ~ 2013-01-01
Light backscattering coefficient, total aerosol 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light scattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light scattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light scattering coefficient, PM1 Light scattering 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light scattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light scattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light scattering coefficient, PM10 Light scattering 2008-04-29 ~ 2014-01-01
Light scattering coefficient, total aerosol 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Light scattering coefficient, total aerosol 2008-04-29 ~ 2013-01-01
Light scattering coefficient, total aerosol Nephelometry, integrating unknown 2007-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Major inorganic components (coarse) Filter sampling + extraction + other HMS
Major inorganic components (coarse) Filter sampling + extraction + IC HMS
Major inorganic components (coarse) Filter sampling + extraction + other HMS
Major inorganic components (coarse) Filter sampling + extraction + other HMS
Mass concentration (coarse) or Mass PM10 2007-01-01 ~ 2007-02-28
Mass concentration (coarse) or Mass PM10 Filter + beta attenuation (betameter, beta gauge) 2008-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Mass concentration (coarse) or Mass PM10 Filter + beta attenuation (betameter, beta gauge) HMS
Mass concentration (total aerosol) or Mass TSP 1977-01-01 ~ 1996-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-), total aerosol Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 2009-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-), total aerosol Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1988-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-), total aerosol Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1999-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-), total aerosol Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1986-01-01 ~ 1988-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-), total aerosol Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 1997-01-01
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Number size distribution, total aerosol Differential mobility particle sizer (DMA, DMPS) 2006-01-01 ~ 2010-12-31
Sulphate (SO4=), total Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1997-01-01 ~ 2003-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total 1980-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 2000-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 1997-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total Nephelometry, integrating 1977-01-01 ~ 1980-01-01
Sum of ammonia (NH3) and ammonium (NH4+), in air and aerosol Capillary electrophoresis (CE) unknown 1990-01-01 ~ 1994-01-01
Sum of ammonia (NH3) and ammonium (NH4+), in air and aerosol Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1990-01-01 ~ 1994-01-01
Sum of ammonia (NH3) and ammonium (NH4+), in air and aerosol Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1999-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sum of nitric acid (HNO3) and nitrate (NO3-), in air and aerosol Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1997-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sum of nitric acid (HNO3) and nitrate (NO3-), in air and aerosol Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1990-01-01 ~ 1994-01-01
Total carbon (coarse), PM10 2008-09-17 ~ 2008-10-15
Greenhouse Gas CO2 Non-dispersive IR (NDIR) HMS 1981-01-01 ~ 1999-06-30
Meteo Humidity 2006-01-01 ~ 2008-04-29
Humidity 1992-11-30 ~ 1993-09-26
Humidity 2008-04-29 ~ 2013-01-01
Precipitation Gravimetry [general] 2007-01-02 ~ 2010-01-01
Precipitation Gravimetry [general] 1977-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Precipitation 2010-01-01 ~ 2011-01-03
Temperature 1992-11-30 ~ 1993-09-26
Ozone Surface ozone UV photometry [general] 1997-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Surface ozone UV photometry [general] HMS 1991-01-01 ~ 2013-12-31
POPs C13H10 (9H-fluorene, fluorene), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C14H10 (anthracene), in aerosol and air GC-MS unknown 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C14H10 (anthracene), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C14H10 (phenanthrene), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C16H10 (pyrene), in air and aerosol GC-MS unknown 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C18H12 (Benz(a)anthracene), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C6Cl6 (hexachlorobenzene, HCB), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C6H6Cl6 (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane, alpha-lindane, alpha-HCH), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
C6H6Cl6 (1,2,3,4,5,6-hexachlorocyclohexane, gamma-lindane, gamma-HCH), in air GC-MS 2006-07-18 ~ 2006-10-19
Precipitation Chem Acidity/Alkalinity 1977-01-01 ~ 2000-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+) Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 2009-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+) Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1977-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Ammonium (NH4+) Colorimetry [general] HMS
Cadmium (Cd) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2010-01-01 ~ 2011-01-03
Cadmium (Cd) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2005-01-02 ~ 2010-01-01
Cadmium (Cd) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) HMS
Calcium (Ca++) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 1977-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Chloride (Cl-) Colorimetry (mercury thiocyanate+iron alum) 1977-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Chloride (Cl-) Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Electric conductivity Electric conductivity (EC meter) 1986-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Hydrogen ion (H+) or pH Potentiometry (pH meter) 1977-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Lead (Pb) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2005-01-02 ~ 2010-01-01
Lead (Pb) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 2010-01-01 ~ 2011-01-03
Lead (Pb) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) HMS
Magnesium (Mg++) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 1978-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-) Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 2009-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-) Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1977-01-01 ~ 1988-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-) Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1988-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Nitrate (NO3-) Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
Potassium (K+) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 1998-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Potassium (K+) 1986-01-01 ~ 2002-01-01
Sodium (Na+) 1977-01-01 ~ 2002-01-01
Sodium (Na+) Atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) 1998-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), corrected Nephelometry, integrating 1977-01-01 ~ 1980-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), corrected Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), corrected 1980-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total 1980-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
Sulphate (SO4=), total Nephelometry, integrating 1977-01-01 ~ 1980-01-01
Reactive Gas Ammonia (NH3) Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 2000-01-01 ~ 2007-01-01
Ammonia (NH3) Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 1986-01-01 ~ 2000-01-01
Ammonia (NH3) Colorimetry (indophenol, Bertholet) 2007-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
HNO3 (nitric acid) Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1999-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
HNO3 (nitric acid) Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1986-01-01 ~ 1988-01-01
HNO3 (nitric acid) Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 1995-01-01 ~ 1997-01-01
HNO3 (nitric acid) Colorimetry (sodium salicylate method for nitrate) 1988-01-01 ~ 1995-01-01
NO2 Colorimetry (NEDA) 1977-01-01 ~ 1986-01-01
NO2 Colorimetry (NEDA) 1986-01-01 ~ 1991-01-01
NO2 Colorimetry (Griess) 1991-01-01 ~ 2009-01-01
NO2 Colorimetry (Griess) 2009-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
NO2 UV photometry [general] HMS 1995-06-01 ~ 2013-12-31
SO2 1997-01-01 ~ 2000-01-01
SO2 1977-01-01 ~ 1980-01-01
SO2 1988-01-01 ~ 1996-01-01
SO2 1980-01-01 ~ 1981-01-01
SO2 Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 2002-01-01 ~ 2011-01-01
SO2 Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] 2000-01-01 ~ 2002-01-01
SO2 1981-01-01 ~ 1988-01-01
SO2 Ion Chromatography (IC) [general] HMS 1996-07-01 ~ 2013-12-31

Contact Person(s)
name Dr. László Haszpra
address Hungarian Meteorological Service
P.O. Box 39
H-1675 Budapest
Hungary
2008-12-10/-147256403
phone +36 1 3464816
fax +36 1 3464809
mailto haszpra.l@met.hu
url
GAW function GAW Country Contact
station function Primary station contact

name Dr. Laszlo Bozo
address Department for Analysis of Atmospheric Environment Hungarian Meteorological Service
P.O. Box 39
H-1675 Budapest
Hungary
2008-12-05/-147256320
phone +36 (1) 3464822
fax +36 (1) 3464809
mailto bozo.l@met.hu
url
GAW function
station function

name Ms. Zita Ferenczi
address Hungarian Meteorological Service
Gilice tér 39
H-1181 Budapest
Hungary
2009-08-25/-147256358
phone +36-1-346-4821
fax +36-1-346-4809
mailto ferenczi.z@met.hu
url
GAW function
station function Primary station contact, Measurement leader [Aerosol: Major inorganic components (coarse), Aerosol: Major inorganic components (coarse), Aerosol: Major inorganic components (coarse), Aerosol: Major inorganic components (coarse), Aerosol: Mass concentration (coarse) or Mass PM10, POPs: C14H10 (anthracene), in aerosol and air, POPs: C16H10 (pyrene), in air and aerosol, Precipitation Chem: Ammonium (NH4+), Precipitation Chem: Cadmium (Cd), Precipitation Chem: Lead (Pb)]

name András Hoffer
address Air Chemistry Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pannonia
P.O.Box 158
H-8201 Veszprém
Hungary
2011-02-07/-147256403
phone
fax
mailto hoffera@almos.vein.hu
url
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Aerosol: Light absorption coefficient, total aerosol, Aerosol: Light backscattering coefficient, total aerosol, Aerosol: Light scattering coefficient, total aerosol]


References
Maenhaut, W., et al. (2004), Chemical composition and mass closure of the atmospheric aerosol at K-puszta, Hungary, in summer 2003, J. of Aerosol Science, 35, 799-800
Haszpra, L. (1999), Measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide at a low elevation rural site in Central Europe, Időjárás, 103, 93-105
Horváth, L. and Sutton, M. (1998), Long-term record of ammonia and ammonium concentrations at K-puszta, Hungary, Atmospheric Environment, , 339-344
Haszpra, L. (1995), Carbon dioxide concentration measurements at a rural site in Hungary., Tellus B, 47, 17-22
 
 
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