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Station Characteristics 2014-04-03/2141913886
GAW ID USH Ushuaia (Argentina)
WMO ID 87939 Global station in WMO RA III - South America
station status established 1994 / full operation 54.84846°S 68.31069°W (18 m a.s.l.)
time zone UTC-3 http://www.smn.gov.ar/?mod=ozono&id=70
climate zone Dfc (Snow climate, fully humid, cool summer)  
other affiliations NDACC
description The Ushuaia Station is located on the "Isla Grande de la Tierra del Fuego", Argentina (54° 50' S - 68° 18' W), roughly 10 km south-west of the city of Ushuaia. The station is located in a coastal cliff at an altitude of 18 m a.s.l., on a remote sub-Antarctic marine coast. Steady winds blow prevailing from the clean air sector (SW) down the Beagle Channel. Tierra del Fuego and its adjacent oceanic area are under the westerlies influence. The ground in the vicinity around the station is covered with pasture and bush. The vegetation in the surrounding area (30 Km) is consisting mainly of Nothofagus forest.
The facilities at the site consist of the main building of 230 m2, which provides space for offices, meeting rooms and laboratories. Attached to this building is the Dobson spectrophotometer. On the platform at the top of the roof, the air inlet and several radiation and meteorological equipment are mounted. In addition to the main facility, a remote island sampling site with a 12 m tower called "Isla Redonda" is located on Beagle Channel (54° 51' S - 68° 28' W) and can be used for special projects. Since two years, the new Ushuaia airport has opened in the near vicinity of the station. It is located about 500 mts. north-east of the site towards the city of Ushuaia. Air traffic is estimated to 5-10 flight movements per day. As already stated in the first audit report '94 (Martini, Slemr, Mohnen) there is some concern regarding a possible influence of the measurements, in particular when the airport should further develop.
Picture of Ushuaia facility

Measurement Program
type parameter method contributor data available details
Greenhouse Gas C2Cl3F3 (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane, CFC-113) ## Flask sampling unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
C2H2F4 (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, HFC-134a) GC-MS unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
C2H3Cl2F (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane, HCFC-141b) ## Flask sampling unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
C2H3ClF2 (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane, HCFC-142b) ## Flask sampling unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
CBrClF2 (Halon 1211) GC-MS unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
CH3CCl3 (1,1,1-trichloroethane) ## Flask sampling unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
CH4 ## Flask sampling unknown
CHClF2 (chlorodifluoromethane, HCFC-22) ## Flask sampling unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
CO2 ## Flask sampling unknown
CO2 [C-13] ## Flask sampling unknown
CO2 [O-18] ## Flask sampling unknown
N2O ## Flask sampling unknown
SF6 ## Flask sampling unknown
Meteo Humidity ## unknown/unspecified unknown
Pressure Barometer/Pressure sensor unknown
Temperature Thermometer/-element unknown
Trajectories FLEXTRA Empa 2005-01-01 ~ ongoing
Wind direction Wind vane unknown
Wind speed Anemometer [general] unknown
Ozone Surface ozone UV photometry [general] SMN Argentina 1994-11-25 ~ 2009-01-31
Surface ozone UV photometry [general] SMN Argentina 2009-01-01 ~ 2013-07-31
Total column ozone Dobson SMN Argentina 1994-09-11 ~ 2012-11-30
Vertical ozone profile ECC Sonde SMN Argentina 2008-04-14 ~ 2012-11-07
Radiation Diffuse solar radiation Eppley precision spectral pyranometer SMN Argentina
Direct solar radiation Pyrheliometer (direct solar, broadband) SMN Argentina 1995-02-25 ~
Global solar radiation Eppley precision spectral pyranometer SMN Argentina
UV Broadband UV radiometry SMN Argentina
UV Erythemally weighted UV spectrometry/radiometry Biospherical 1988-11-18 ~ 2008-11-19
UV Multiband UV radiometry NSF 2005-06-09 ~ 2009-02-28
UV Spectral UV radiometry NSF 1988-11-18 ~ 2008-11-19
Reactive Gas C2Cl4 GC-MS unknown 2004-05-28 ~ ongoing
C2H6 (ethane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing
C3H8 (propane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing
CH2Cl2 (dichloromethane) GC-MS unknown 2004-06-11 ~ ongoing
CH3Br (methylbromide) GC-MS unknown 2004-06-11 ~ ongoing
CH3Cl (methylchloride) GC-MS unknown 2004-06-11 ~ ongoing
CO ## Flask sampling unknown
CO Non-dispersive IR (NDIR) SMN Argentina 1994-12-01 ~ 2009-02-04
CO Non-dispersive IR (NDIR) SMN Argentina 2009-01-01 ~ 2013-07-31
H2 ## Flask sampling unknown
i-C4H10 (2-methylpropane, iso-butane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing
i-C5H12 (2-methylbutane, iso-pentane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing
n-C4H10 (n-butane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing
n-C5H12 (n-pentane) GC-FID unknown 2004-10-08 ~ ongoing

Contact Person(s)
name Ing. Maria Elena Barlasina
address Servicio Meteorológico Nacional
Av. de los constituyentes 3454
C1427BLS Buenos Aires
Argentina
2013-03-04/2141914026
phone +5491151676767
fax
mailto barlasina@smn.gov.ar
url
GAW function
station function

name Mr. Germar Bernhard
address Biospherical Instruments Inc.
5340 Riley St.
San Diego, CA 92110
United States
2011-02-11/2141913886
phone +1 619 686 1888
fax
mailto bernhard@biospherical.com
url
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Radiation: UV Erythemally weighted]

name Mr. Gerardo Carbajal Benitez
address Servicio Meteorologico Nacional
Av. de Los Constituyentes 3454
CIUDAD AUTONOMA, BUENOS AIRES C1427BL S
Argentina
2013-03-25/2141914026
phone 54 11 51676767 (18306)
fax +541151676767 (18306)
mailto gcarbajal@smn.gov.ar
url http://www.smn.gov.ar/?mod=htms&id=4
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Radiation: Diffuse solar radiation, Radiation: Direct solar radiation, Radiation: Global solar radiation]

name Ing. Manuel Cupeiro
address National Meteorological Service
Punta Pingüino s/n Aeropuerto Internacional “Malvinas Argentinas"
Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego 9410
Argentina
2014-03-15/2141913886
phone +54 91158734246
+54 2901425337
fax
mailto mcupeiro@smn.gov.ar
url
GAW function
station function Primary station contact, Measurement leader [Meteo: Humidity, Meteo: Pressure, Meteo: Temperature, Meteo: Wind direction, Meteo: Wind speed, Ozone: Surface ozone, Ozone: Total column ozone, Ozone: Vertical ozone profile, Radiation: UV Broadband, Radiation: UV Multiband, Reactive Gas: CO]

name Dr. Edward J. Dlugokencky
address NOAA-ERSL-GMD
325 Broadway
Boulder, CO 80305
United States
2013-01-24/-147256377
phone +1 303-497-6228
fax +1 303-497-6290
mailto ed.dlugokencky@noaa.gov
url
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Greenhouse Gas: CH4, Greenhouse Gas: CO2]

name Dr. James W. Elkins
address NOAA ESRL Global Monitoring Division
325 Broadway R/GMD
Boulder, CO 80305-332
United States
2011-01-17/0
phone +1 (303) 497-6224
fax +1 (303) 497-6290
mailto James.W.Elkins@noaa.gov
url www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/hats/personnel/elkins/elkins1.html
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Greenhouse Gas: C2Cl3F3 (1,1,2-trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane, CFC-113), Greenhouse Gas: C2H2F4 (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane, HFC-134a), Greenhouse Gas: C2H3Cl2F (1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane, HCFC-141b), Greenhouse Gas: C2H3ClF2 (1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane, HCFC-142b), Greenhouse Gas: CBrClF2 (Halon 1211), Greenhouse Gas: CH3CCl3 (1,1,1-trichloroethane), Greenhouse Gas: CHClF2 (chlorodifluoromethane, HCFC-22), Reactive Gas: C2Cl4, Reactive Gas: CH2Cl2 (dichloromethane), Reactive Gas: CH3Br (methylbromide), Reactive Gas: CH3Cl (methylchloride)]

name Dr. Detlev Helmig
address Associate Research Professor Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) University of Colorado
1560 30th Street
Boulder, CO 80309-0450
United States
2013-01-24/-147256377
phone +1 (303) 492-2509
fax
mailto detlev@instaar.colorado.edu
url
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Reactive Gas: C2H6 (ethane), Reactive Gas: C3H8 (propane), Reactive Gas: i-C4H10 (2-methylpropane, iso-butane), Reactive Gas: i-C5H12 (2-methylbutane, iso-pentane), Reactive Gas: n-C4H10 (n-butane), Reactive Gas: n-C5H12 (n-pentane)]

name Dr. Miguel Isla
address Secretaria de Desarrollo Sustentable y Ambiente - Gobierno de Tierra del Fuego
Estación VAG. Punta Pingüino. Aeropuerto Internacional Ushuaia
Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego 9410
Argentina
2014-03-12/2141914223
phone 54 2901 422576
54 2901 15607062
fax
mailto msisla@gmail.com
url
GAW function
station function

name Ing. Sergio Luppo
address Subsecretaría de Ciencia y Tecnología. Ministerio de Economía. Gobierno de Tierra del Fuego
Estación VAG Ushuaia Aeropuerto Internacional Malvinas Argentinas
Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego 9410
Argentina
2013-02-05/2141913886
phone +54-2901-421737
+54-92901-510210
fax +54-2901-421737
mailto sluppo@gmail.com; sergioluppo@yahoo.com.ar
url http://luppos.com.ar/
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Ozone: Surface ozone, Reactive Gas: CO]

name Dr. Paul C. Novelli
address NOAA-ESRL-GMD
325 Broadway
Boulder, CO 80305
United States
2012-01-12/2141914043
phone +1 303-497-6774
fax +1 303-497-6290
mailto paul.c.novelli@noaa.gov
url
GAW function Member of SAG Reactive Gases
station function Measurement leader [Reactive Gas: CO, Reactive Gas: H2]

name Mr. Ricardo Sanchez
address National Meteorological Service
Av. de Los Constituyentes 3454
Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires 1417
Argentina
2013-08-17/2141913886
phone +541151676746
fax +541151676767 (18306)
mailto ozono@smn.gov.ar
url
GAW function
station function

name Mr. Bruce Vaughn
address University of Colorado Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR)
Campus box 450
Boulder, CO 80309-0450
United States
2006-06-12/0
phone +1-303-492-7985
fax +1-303-492-6388
mailto bruce.vaughn@colorado.edu
url
GAW function
station function Measurement leader [Greenhouse Gas: CO2 [C-13], Greenhouse Gas: CO2 [O-18]]


References
Zellweger, Christoph, et al. (2008), System and Performance Audit of Surface Ozone and Carbon Monoxide at the Global GAW Station Ushuaia, Argentina, November 2008, WCC-Empa Report 08/4, http://gaw.empa.ch/audits/USH_2008.pdf
Zellweger, Christoph, et al. (2003), System and Performance Audit of Surface Ozone and Carbon Monoxide at the Global GAW Station Ushuaia, Argentina, November 2003, WCC-Empa Report 03/4, gaw.empa.ch/audits/USI_2003.pdf
Herzog, A., et al. (1998), System and Performance Audit for Surface Ozone and Carbon Monoxide, Global GAW Station Ushuaia, Argentina, November 1998, WCC-Empa Report 98/8, gaw.empa.ch/audits/USI_1998.pdf
Bojkov, RD, et al. (1995), The relationship between solar UV irradiance and total ozone from observations over southern Argentina, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 22, 1249--1249
FREDERICK, JE, et al. (1993), Solar ultraviolet irradiance observed from Southern Argentina: September 1990 to March 1991, Journal of geophysical research, 98, 8891--8897
 
 
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